House of the Wannsee Conference
- Permanent Exhibit - Reader -
Born in Hoffnungsfeld near Odessa, son of a farmer. High
school in Dorpat and Odessa, Freecorps fighter in 1919, flight to Berlin. Study
of theology, philosophy, history, and political economy starting in 1920. Ph.D.
in 1927, thereafter three study trips to the Soviet Union. Employed in the Reich
Central Archive in 1929.
Leibbrandt was interned in 1945; following release from detention in 1949, he became active in an American cultural institute in Munich. A preliminary investigation by the district court of Nuremberg-Fürth, begun in January 1950, was dropped in August 1950. No further attempts were made to prosecute him. He died in 1982.
Born in Berlin, son of a privy councilor. High school
war service 1914-1917. From 1917-1919 assigned to the Prussian Ministry of War
and promoted to the rank of lieutenant. Subsequently worked as a shipping agent.
Born in Göttingen, son of a governmental councilor and
building official. High school diploma, then officer cadet in 1912, company
commander in 1914, subsequently battalion commander. Prisoner of war in France
in 1917, discharged as a captain in 1920. Commercial employee, student of
political economy. Ph.D. in political science in 1922; legal adviser to a
Gelsenkirchen mining firm from 1923 to 1930. Joined the Nazi Party in 1928;
local branch leader; party district leader of Emscher-Lippe, 1929-1930. Became
Reichstag delegate in September 1930 and Nazi Party provincial leader (Gauleiter)
of Northern Westphalia in 1931. Appointed deputy governor (Reichsstatthalter)
of Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe in May 1933 and head of the state government of
Lippe in 1936. Meyer became governor of the province of Westphalia and
lieutenant general in the Stormtroopers (SA) in 1938.
Born in Munich, son of a policeman. Elementary
training as an airplane mechanic. Volunteered for war service in 1917 and
received flight training. Served on the western front in 1918; demobilized as a
corporal in 1919. Thereafter, employee in Munich Police headquarters. Secretary
with the Munich Political Police in 1929, operating against Communist organizations.
Born in Forst (Lower Lusatia), son of a factory
studied law. War service 1914-1917, ultimately as first lieutenant. Legal
internship 1917-1920, government assessor in the Prussian Ministry of the
Interior in 1920, then at the Essen District Office. Senior executive officer in
the Prussian Ministry of Commerce in 1923. District president (Landrat)
in Freystadt (Lower Silesia) 1926-1928. Then returned to the Prussian Ministry
of Commerce as ministerial junior assistant secretary. Head of department in the
Prussian Ministry of State and in charge of administrative reforms as of
Born in Leipzig, son of a construction
supervisor. High school; participant in the Kapp Putsch of 1920. Joined the Nazi Party and the
stormtroopers in 1922, worked as a bank employee. Doctor of law degree in June
1929; assistant judge in June 1932. Joined the SS in 1933. In November 1933 he
went to work for the Reich Post Office at Erfurt, in 1935 joined the Press
Section of the State Secret Police Office, and then became head of the section
in charge of church affairs. Schöngarth became an administrative councilor in
1936, then head of the Gestapo in Dortmund, Bielefeld, and Münster, later of
the Gestapo in Erfurt.
Born in Wiesbaden, son of a railroad employee. Membership in
nationalist youth groups. Joined the Nazi Party in 1922 and participated in the
Hitler Putsch in 1923. Doctor of Law in 1928, judge in a lower district court in
1930. Lawyer in Stettin in 1932. Became undersecretary in the Prussian Ministry
of Sciences in 1933, in the Reich Ministry of Sciences in 1934, and in the Reich
Ministry of the Interior in 1935. Co-author of the Nuremberg Racial Laws. In
1940, involved in preparations to deprive Jews of their citizenship. In August
1941, he took part in a conference on the "Germanization" of parts of
the Soviet Union.
|Jewish Self-Assertion||The Prewar Period||War against Poland|
|The Countries of Deportations||The Transit Camps||The Death Camps||Auschwitz|
|Life in a Concentration Camp||
The Warsaw Ghetto
|The End of the War||Liberation of the Camps|